当前位置: > 今日财经网 > 新闻资讯 >


时间:2019-11-20 16:55来源:轩宇艺术 作者:xuanyu 点击:


As we all know, blue and white porcelain is a treasure of China's ceramic baking technology. Today, Xiaobian will introduce the blue and white porcelain around, and talk about the development, characteristics and patterns of blue and white porcelain.

提到青花,大家第一个想到的便是周杰伦的“青花瓷”,一句“天青色等烟雨,而我在等你”便串入大家的脑海里,并随之唱出。但其实天青色是汝窑的颜色,而青花瓷最初是由唐三彩的篮彩衍生而来的。那么就有人会问了,青花瓷是蓝色的,为什么叫青花瓷?其实主要是因为青花瓷发色是青料在焙烧过程的化学变化,呈色是 青料烧成后所呈现的直观感受。废话不多说,接下来,小编来和大家聊聊青花瓷的历史及其历代特点。

When it comes to blue and white, the first thing you think of is Jay Chou's "blue and white porcelain". A sentence "the sky is blue, and I'm waiting for you" goes into your mind and sings along with it. But in fact, sky blue is the color of Ru kiln, and blue and white porcelain was originally derived from the basket color of Tang tri colored porcelain. Then someone will ask, blue and white porcelain is blue, why is it called blue and white porcelain? In fact, it is mainly because the blue and white porcelain hair color is the chemical change of the green material in the baking process, and the color is the intuitive feeling after the green material is fired. There's not much nonsense. Next, I'd like to talk about the history and characteristics of blue and white porcelain.


Blue and white porcelain first appeared in the Tang Dynasty. The first reason for its birth was that after the rebellion of an and Shi, the Tang Dynasty gradually weakened, while other porcelain developed too fast, and the production of the three color porcelain declined gradually. Because of the rebellion of the dynasty at that time, the three color porcelain gradually disappeared in people's eyes, and its skills also disappeared. Later generations wanted to recreate the tri colored pottery of the Tang Dynasty, so they fired it in Huangye kiln with the raw materials of the tri colored pottery. Unexpectedly, it was a mistake. Due to various reasons, the porcelain produced was not tri colored porcelain, but blue and white porcelain. The characteristics of blue and white porcelain at that time were white porcelain, cobalt blue under glaze, and firing temperature 1300 . At that time, people found that this kind of porcelain was not inferior to the tri colored porcelain of the Tang Dynasty, or after hundreds or thousands of times of firing, they could not make tri colored porcelain, so they regarded blue and white porcelain as the continuation of the tri colored porcelain of the Tang Dynasty.


The early blue and white porcelain did not develop smoothly, but went to decline. According to Xiao Bian, in 1957, 13 pieces of blue and white bowls were unearthed at Jinsha tower base in Longquan County, Zhejiang Province. On the brick of the tower, there is an absolute chronology of the second year of Taiping's rejuvenation in the Northern Song Dynasty (977); on the other hand, in 1970, a fragment of the belly of the blue and white bowl was unearthed at the tower base of Huancui tower in Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province. Some of these fragments are thick and some are thin. There are chrysanthemum pattern, circle pattern, string pattern, thread pattern and so on. Before the blue and white hair color, it was thicker and blacker, but there was no continuous relationship with the blue and white porcelain of Tang Dynasty. And the blue and white porcelain is maturing in Jingdezhen of the Yuan Dynasty.


The blue and white porcelain of Yuan Dynasty is very mature and exquisite, no matter from the production formula or the modeling and decoration. In the aspect of pattern decoration, it is characterized by rich composition, multi-level but not disorderly. The strokes are frequent, smooth and powerful, while the outline and rendering are thick and calm. The theme of the decoration includes characters, animals, plants, poems and so on. The figures are Gao Shi Tu (Si AI TU), historical figures, etc.; the animals are dragon and Phoenix, unicorn, mandarin duck, swimming fish, etc.; the common plants are peony, lotus, orchid, pine and bamboo plum, Ganoderma lucidum, flower leaves, melon and fruit, etc.; the poems are rare


By the Ming and Qing Dynasties, blue and white porcelain had gone from prosperity to decline. In Yongle and Xuande periods of the Ming Dynasty, blue and white porcelain reached a peak of development, which was famous for its exquisite workmanship; in Kangxi period of the Qing Dynasty, blue and white porcelain reached its peak with "multicolored blue and white"; after Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, due to the development of pink and color porcelain, it gradually declined. Although it flourished at the end of the Qing Dynasty (Guangxu), it was unable to continue the prosperity of Kangxi Dynasty. Generally speaking, the production of official kilns in this period is rigorous and exquisite; the production of civilian kilns is free and easy, and the painting is freehand. From the late Ming Dynasty, blue and white painting gradually absorbed some elements of Chinese painting techniques.


瓷器 1 真.jpg 


Xuanyu art has the honor to obtain a pair of blue and white porcelain. This pair of blue and white porcelain has a mouth, shoulders and lower abdomen. There are wrinkles along the shoulders. The body of the pot is painted with twigs and flowers. The fetal glaze is firm, dense and moist. The appearance of the ware is old and natural. The shape is plump, thick, simple and mellow, which gives people a sense of simplicity and solemnity. Its carcass is dignified and steady, its carcass is firm and thin, its glaze is bright and moist, its strokes are delicate, its painting is neat, its blue and white hair color is elegant, its composition is complex and orderly, its level is clear, it is meaningful, beautiful and unrestrained, and its charm is smooth. It has great research and collection value.



Enrich art life and transfer art value! If you are interested in blue and white porcelain, please contact Xuanyu (Guangzhou) art media Co., Ltd!


Sharing is a virtue, sharing is a pleasure, learning to share, happy others!